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海南省2018年平均工资相关统计范围和指标解读

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2019-09-23 09:46 海南省统计局

日海南省统计局发布了2018年海南省城镇非私营单位就业人员年平均工资75885元、城镇私营单位就业人员年平均工资49541元以及规模以上企业分岗位平均工资情况。省统计局公布的年平均工资数据只是反映某一类单位、某个行业的平均水平,并不能代表全社会平均工资水平。要正确解读和把握平均工资这个数据,还需要了解劳动工资统计对象和工资数据所包含的内容,注意区分平均工资与居民收入等相关数据。

一、 劳动工资统计对象不是全社会就业人员

dangqianlaodonggongzitongjideshidanweijiuyerenyuan,ergetijiuyerenyuan、ziyouzhiyezhedengfeidanweijiuyerenyuanbuzaibencifabudegongzitongjifanweinei。siyingdanweinianpingjungongzishiyishengweizongtijinxingchouyangdiaochadelaideshuju,meiyoufenshixianqingkuang。

chengzhensiyingdanweidiaochaduixiangshi:zaineizifarendanweizhongyouziranrentouzishelihuoyouziranrenkonggu,yiguyonglaodongweijichudeyinglixingjingjizuzhi,baokuoanzhao《gongsifa》、《hehuoqiyefa》、《siyingqiyezanxingtiaoli》guidingdengjizhucedesiyingyouxianzerengongsi、siyinggufenyouxiangongsi、siyinghehuoqiyehesiyingduziqiye。

chengzhenfeisiyingdanweidiaochaduixiangshi:chulechengzhensiyingfarendanweizhiwai,qiyuchengzhendiqudefarendanweidouguizaifeisiyingdanweileibieli;jutibaokuoguoyoudanwei、chengzhenjitidanwei、lianyingjingji、gufenzhijingji、waishangtouzijingji、gangaotaitouzijingjidengdanwei。

规模以上企业调查对象是:规模以上工业(含采矿业,制造业,电力、热力、燃气及水生产和供应业),有资质的建筑业,限额以上批发和零售业,限额以上住宿和餐饮业,有开发经营活动的全部房地产开发经营业,规模以上服务业(含交通运输、仓储和邮政业,信息传输、软件和信息技术服务业,租赁和商务服务业,科学研究和技术服务业,水利、环境和公共设施管理业,居民服务、修理和其他服务业,教育,卫生和社会工作,文化、体育和娱乐业,以及物业管理、房地产中介服务等行业)企业法人单位。

二、统计部门发布的是税前工资

genjuguowuyuanpizhunfabude《guanyugongzizongezuchengdeguiding》,gongzidegouchengbaokuojishigongzi、jijiangongzi、jiangjin、jintiehebutie、jiabanjiadiangongziheteshuqingkuangxiazhifudegongzi。haibaokuoyongrendanweidaikou、daijiaodegerensuodeshuiyijiyanglao、yiliao、shiye、gongjijindenggerenzhanghujijincongjiuyerenyuangerengongzizhongkoujiandebufen。

三、 平均工资不同于人均可支配收入

juminrenjunkezhipeishourushizhijuminkeyongyuzuizhongxiaofeizhichuhechuxudezonghe,jijuminkeyongyuziyouzhipeideshouru。renjunkezhipeishouruyupingjungongzishilianggebutongdegainian:1.renjunkezhipeishouruyousigebufenzucheng,chulegongzixingshouruzhiwai,haibaokuojingyingjingshouru、caichanjingshouruhezhuanyijingshouru(qizhongzhuyaoshiyanglaojinhuotuixiujin);2.pingjungongzishijiuyerenyuangongzidepingjunshuiping,errenjunkezhipeishourushiduiquantishehuichengyuandepingjun,tashiyiyigediqusuoyourendegongzixingshouru、jingyingjingshouru、caichanjingshouruhezhuanyijingshouruzonghechuyizheigediqudechangzhurenkouzongrenshudechu。qi“fenmu”jibaokuoyougongzuoheshouruderenyuan,yebaokuomeiyougongzuodelituixiurenyuan、meiyoushourudeshiyerenyuan、weichengnianrendeng,zheixiemeiyougongzuohuoshouruderenyuantongyangfentandaoxiangtongshuederenjunkezhipeishouru。

四、平均工资不等于个人具体工资

pingjungongzishifanyingmouyigeguojia(diqu)、yigebumenhuoyigedanweigongzizongtiqingkuangdezhibiao,tabutongyumeiyigerendejutigongzishuiping。tashiyoutongjibumengenjumeigedanweishangbaodeshujuhuizongjisuandelaidepingjungainian,jiyonggedanweiquanniandejiuyerenyuangongzizongechuyitongkoujingdejiuyerenyuannianpingjunrenshu,jisuanchujiuyerenyuannianpingjungongzi。zheiyipingjungongzizhijuyoujisuanjiandan、yiyulijiedetedian,danshiyeyouzishenbuzuzhichu:bunengfanyinggetichayi,dangshujudefenbuchengxianzheng(you)piantaifenbushi(diyupingjunshuipingderenbijiaoduo),zhongshuxiaoyuzhongweishu,zhongweishuxiaoyupingjunzhi,jidaduoshugetishuju(zhongshu)diyupingjunzhi。yichengzhenfeisiyingdanweinianpingjungongzizuigaodechengmaixianweili,18gexingyezhong,pingjungongzidiyuquanxianpingjungongzishuipingdeyou12ge,qimojiuyerenshuzhanbiwei80.8%;6gegaoyuquanxianpingjunshuipingdexingyejiuyerenyuanzhanbiwei19.2%;yejiushishuochengmaixiandaduoshuchengzhenfeisiyingdanweijiuyerenyuandegongzidiyugaixiandepingjungongzi。woshengpingjungongzishujuchengzheng(you)piantaifenbu,jizhongshuxiaoyupingjunzhi,gudaduoshurenhuiganjuedaozijidegongzishourudiyupingjunzhi。

lingwai,woshengyixieshixianyouyudanweijiuyerenyuanjiaoshao,xingyeguimoxiao,gongzishuipingyishoudaozhengceyinsuhuoyixiedaqiyedeyingxiang,haiyouyouyugedanweisuochuxingye、lishuguanxi、danweileixing、suozaidiqu、jingjixiaoyijigerensuozaigangweibutongdengzhuduoyinsu,gongzishuipingkeguanshangcunzaijiaodachayi,yincixuyaocankaoduofangmiandeshujulaipingjiagongzishuiping。


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