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海南省卫健委发布登革热防与治十问十答

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2019-09-10 17:56 南海网

南海网、南海网客户端海口9月9日消息(南海网记者 任桐)9月9日,海南省卫生健康委员会发布科普知识,就登革热防治知识热点问题进行解答,形成如下十问十答。

一、什么是登革热?

denggereshitongguodaidenggebingdudemeijiewenchongdingyaorenquneryinqichuanbodeyizhongfadingyileichuanranbing。

二、传播登革热的蚊类主要有哪些?

zaizhongguochuanbodenggeredezhuyaomeijiewenchongshiaijiyiwenhebaiwenyiwen。yiwentiseheise,toubu、xiongbu、fubuhezuyouyinbaisehuobaisehuaban,sucheng“huabanwen”。

三、登革热是如何在人群中传播的?

dangyiwendingyaobingrenhuoyinxingganranzhehou,bingdujinruwentinei,bingduzaiwentineifuzhi8~14tianhoujijuyouchuanranxing。juyouchuanranxingdeyiwendingyaorentishi,jijiangbingduchuanbojiren,zaochengganranhuanbing。yiwenkezhongshengxiedaihechuanbobingdu。

四、哪些人易传染上登革热?

bufennianling、xingbiehezhongzu,renmenduidenggerepubianyigan。zailiuxingjijie,congfeiliuxingdiqujinruliuxingdiquderenrongyishoudaoganran,rudaodongnanyadengdilvyou、tanqin、laowu、jingshangzhe。denggerebingdufenwei4xing,denggereganranhouduitongxingbingduyoumianyili,bingkeweichiduonian,danhuanguoyoumouyixingbingduyinqidedenggere,haikeyifashenglingyixingbingduyinqideganran。

五、登革热的临床症状?

denggeredeqianfuqishi3~15tian,zhongguodedenggerelinchuangshangfendianxingdenggere,qingxingdenggerehezhongxingdenggeresanzhong。

dianxingdenggere:①xianhanzhansuizhifarekeda40du,fareyoushuangfengyangdetezhengbiaoxian。②quanshendeduxuezhengzhuanghuibansuifareerfasheng,rutoutong,yaotong,guguanjietong。③youpizhen,zaibingcheng3~6tianchuxian,youchuxue,linbajiezhongdadeng,gebiedehaihuiyouhuangdan、ganzhongdafaxian。

qingxingdenggere:qibiaoxianleisiliuxingxingganmao。

zhongxingdenggere:youdianxingdenggerebiaoxian,bingqiehuichuxianjingshenzhengzhuanghexiaohuadaodachuxuedengbiaoxian。

六、登革热有无特殊防治方法?

denggeremuqianmeiyoutexiaozhiliaofangfa,zhuyaocaiquduizhengzhiliaohezhichiliaofa,baokuowochuangxiuxi、tuire、buchongshuifendeng。erduichuxuexingdenggereyingzaoqizhenduanbingtigongshidangdetiyebuchong,hebingquanshenxingchuxueshi,yingjishishuxue,bingmiqiejiancebingrendehuxi、xintiao、tiwen、xueya,fangzhixiukeerzhiming。bingrenyingbimianshiyongasipilinyaotuirezhitong。denggereyouzixianxing,yuhoujiaohao,bingsilvzai0.1%yixia。ruozhongfuganranbutongxingbiededenggerebingdu,zekenengzaochengzhengzhuangyanzhongdechuxuexingdenggere,qiexingdugao,zhisilvzai5%yixia。denggereshiwanquankeyiyufangdejibing,yufangdeguanjianzaiyufangwenmiewen。

七、登革热的主要分布情况?

denggerefenbuyuredaiheyaredaidiqu。jushijieweishengzuzhigongbudeshujubiaoming,xianyouyibaiduogeguojiahediqufashengdenggereyiqing。

八、登革热的发生地和时间?

denggereshiyizhongwenmeichuanranbing,qiliuxingyuwenzhonghewenzimiduyouguan。ruguoyouchuanranyuancunzai,youyouyiwenzishengdezirantiaojian,junkefashenggaibingliuxing。gaibingyeketongguoxiandaihuajiaotonggongjuyuanjulichuanbo。

denggereliuxingjijiechangshitianqishire、wenchongzishengdejijie,yibanzaimeiniande5~11yue,gaofengzai7~9yue。

九、个人如何做好登革热防护?

xianshibingmeiyouyizhongyouxiaoyimiaolaiyufangdenggere。yufangdenggeredezuijiafangfajiushiqingchujishui,fangzhiyiwenzisheng,yibimianjiwenzidingyao,youguanyufangwenyaodecuoshiruxia:daodenggereliuxingqulvyouhuoshenghuo,yingchuanzhezhangxiuyifujizhangku,bingyuwailudepifujiyifushangtushangwenchongqubiyaowu。

rufangjianmeiyoukongdiaoshebei,yingzhuangzhiwenzhanghuofangwenwang。shiyongjiayongshachongjishamiechengwen,bingzunzhaobaozhuangzhishishiyongshidangdefenliang。qiewuxiangyunzuozhongdedianqiyongpinhuohuoyanzhijiepensheshachongji,yimianfashengbaozha。bimianzai“huabanwen”chumeipinfanshiduanzaishuyin、caocong、liangtingdenghuwaiyinanchudouliu。fangzhijishui,qingchuyiwenzishengdi:jinliangbimianyongqingshuiyangzhizhiwu。duiyuhuapingdengrongqi,meixingqizhishaoqingxi、huanshuiyici,wuranghuapendipanliuyoujishui。

basuoyouyongguodeguanzijipingzifangjinyougaidelajitongnei。jiangzhushuirongqi、shuijingjizhushuichijiagai。suoyouqudaoyaobaochichangtong。jiangdimianaoxiandedifangquanbutianping,yifangjishui。huaiyizijiganrandenggereshizuiyaojinshiqingjiaoyisheng。

十、旅游者如何防护登革热?

denggerechangchuxianzairedaiyuyaredaidiqu。xiaqiujidaodongnanyalvyoushi,tigaoziwobaohuyishi。yaozuohaofangwen、gerenbaohucuoshi。lvyouhoubangeyueneiruchuxianfare,yingjinzaojiuyizhiliao,bingxiangyishengshuominglvxingshi。

海南省卫健委发布登革热防与治十问十答
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